Słownictwo

kredito24.pl

Linking words - spójniki.

2014-04-03 14:21:41, komentarzy: 0

W dzisiejszym wpisie trochę o spójnikach. Są istotne zarówno w wypowiedziach pisemnych jak i ustnych. Warto znać ich więcej i wzbogacić w ten sposób swoje wypowiedzi. AND, BUT, SO, BECAUSE to trochę za mało.

Poniżej znajdziecie flimik dotyczący tego tematu, a pod nim wypisane spójniki z podziałem na katergorie. Do tych, które mogłyby sprawić Wam większy kłopot dopisane są również przykłady zdań. Nie znajdziecie tu tłumaczeń spójników, kótrych nie zamieszczam celowo - wywnioskujcie z kontekstu i przetłumaczcie korzystając ze słownika :).




1. Dodawanie do głównej myśli:

  • and: This is the foundation of medicine and a key to its future.
  • besides: This is the foundation of medicine besides it is also a key to its future.
  • as well as: This is the foundation of medicine as well as a key to its future.
  • furthermore:This is the foundation of medicine. Furthermore it’s key to its future.
  • moreover: This is the foundation of medicine. Moreover it’s key to its future.
  • in addition: This is the foundation of medicine. In addition, this is a key to its future.
  • what is more: This is the foundation of medicine. What it more it’s key to its future.
  • another point is:This is the foundation of medicine. Another point is this is a key to its future.
  • not only.... but also: This not only is the foundation of medicine but also a key to its future.


2. Podkreślanie informacji:

  • especially
  • particularly
  • too / enough
  • above all
  • naturally
  • exactly
  • whatever
  • whenever
  • the more


3.  Porównywanie:

  • but
  • although: Although the weather is bad we will still go on holidays.
  • neither...nor
  • whereas: Jim has 2 cars whereas Tom has 10.
  • despite: We will go on holidays despite the bad weather.
  • in spite of: In spite of the bad weather, we will go on holidays.
  • nevertheless: The weather is bad. Nevertheless we will still go on holidays.
  • while: Jim has 2 cars while Tom has 10.
  • in contrast: In contrast to Jim, Tom has 10 cars.
  • on the contrary: On the contrary, we need a lot more people to run this project.


4.  Wyrażanie powodu:

  • on the account: This discovery is important on the account of the development of medicine.
  • as:  She doesn’t like him as he’s a jerk.
  • since: She doesn’t like him since he’s a jerk.
  • this is why: The taxi was late. This is why we missed the train.
  • due to: The plane didn’t take off due to bad weather. / The plane didn’t take off due to the fact the weather was bad.
  • owing to: Owing to rising unemployment the government should take some actions. This discovery is important owing to the development of medicine.
  • for this reason: The taxi was late. For this reason we missed the train.
  • because of: The plane didn’t take off due to bad weather. The plane didn’t take off because of the fact the weather was bad.

 

5. Podawanie przykładów:

  • for example (e.g.)
  • this includes
  • for instance
  • for one thing
  • i.e. (that is)


6. Wyrażanie rezultatu:

  • so: I lost my keys so I couldn’t get into my car.
  • so....that: I found may keys so that I could get into my car.
  • too...for/to: The water was too cold to make some tea/for make some tea.
  • consequently: I lost my keys consequently I couldn’t get into my car.
  • as a result: I lost my keys as a result I couldn’t get into my car.
  • thus: I lost my keys thus I couldn’t get into my car.
  • such a...that: He was such a nice boy that everybody loved him.
  • therefore: I lost my keys therefore I couldn’t get into my car.
  • not enough…to/for: The water was not hot enough to make some tea/for make some tea.


7. Wyrażanie opinii:

  • In my opinion: In my opinion it’s a good idea.
  • I believe: I believe it’s a good idea.
  • Apparently: Apparently it’s a good idea.
  • I reckon: I recon it’s a good idea.
  • I assume: I assume it’s a good idea.
  • Personally: Personally I think/believe/recon/am sure it’s a good idea.
  • I would say: I would say it’s a good idea.
  • I think: I think it’s a good idea.
  • As far as I concerned: As far as I concerned it’s a good idea.


8. Wyrażanie celu:

  • to: We will have to take a loan to buy that flat.
  • for: We will have to take a loan for buying that flat.
  • in order that: We will have to take a loan in order to buy that flat.
  • so as to: We will have to take a loan so as to buy that flat.
  • so that: We will have to take a loan so that we will have enough money to buy that flat.

 

9. Podsumowanie:

  • all in all
  • overall
  • generally
  • in conclusion
  • to sum up


10. Zdania względne:

  • who
  • where
  • which
  • that
  • whose
  • to whom
  • why
  • what
  • when


11.  Narracaja:

  • first (of all)
  • firstly
  • at first
  • at the beginning
  • in the beginning
  • then
  • next
  • before
  • after
  • after that
  • afterwards
  • when
  • while
  • during
  • soon
  • prior to
  • immediately
  • once
  • suddenly
  • as soon as
  • on
  • no sooner....than
  • hardly...when
  • finally
  • eventually
  • at the end
  • in the end
  • At last
  • to begin with,
  • until
« powrót

Dodaj nowy komentarz

Wyszukiwarka

Poznaj kłamstwo, które kradnie Ci nawet 2 godziny dziennie!